Kihon Kumite
One step sparring
Kihon Kumite
Free sparring
Kobudo

Okinawa Shorin-ryu
New Zealand
Matsubayashi-ryu karate & kobudo
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Okinawa Shorin Ryu New Zealand
Matsubayashi Ryu
Karate - Kobudo

"This phrase... embodies the essence of Okinawan Karate. Karate is a martial art, yet it was developed by the Okinawans as a weaponless method of self-defence. The peculiar culture of the Okinawans, a peace-loving people desirous of living without weapons, made them raise the instinct of self-preservation to its highest form - the art of karate-do."
                                                                            Shoshin Nagamine  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Top
Okinawa Shorin Ryu New Zealand Copyright 2006
Shitei Kata Matsubayashi Ryu
Yakusoku Kumite
Seven sets of pre-arranged sparring
Dojo Information
Dojo Information
"Karate ni sente nashi" - "Embodies the essence of Okinawan karate."
" Karate must be a defensive art from beginning to end"
Shoshin Nagamine
" Karate ni sente nashi" 
"There is no first attack in Karate"
                                                                          Gichin Funakoshi
"Karate ni sente nashi" - "Embodies the essence of Okinawan karate."
" Karate ni sente nashi" - "There is no first attack in Karate"
                                                                           Gichin Funakoshi
"This phrase... embodies the essence of Okinawan Karate. Karate is a martial art, yet it was developed by the Okinawans as a weaponless method of self-defence. The peculiar culture of the Okinawans, a peace-loving people desirous of living without weapons, made them raise the instinct of self-preservation to its highest form - the art of karate-do."
                                                                            
Shoshin Nagamine  

For regular training times see the Contacts & Location Page
or click here

Downloads
Tales of Okinawa's Great Masters.
Author: Shoshin Nagamine
(translated by Patrick McCarthy)
Tuttle Publishing        ISBN 0-8048-2089-9
ISBN 0-8048-2089-9
Tales of Okinawa's Great Masters
features accurate historical accounts, as well as popular legends, of many great masters of karate and tegumi (okinawan wrestling), including: Ankichi Arakaki, Gichin Funakoshi, Kanryo Higaonna,
Anko Itsou, Chotoku Kyan and Choki Motobu.
The Essence of Okinawan Karate-do.
Author: Shoshin Nagamine
Tuttle Publishing        ISBN 0-8048-2110-0
A rich source on the technique and philosophy of traditional Okinawan Karate. This book presents the teachings of legendary karate master Shoshin Nagamine, world famous as the founder of the Matsubayashi ryu school of Shorin Ryu karate. First published in 1976, this timeless work has long been a treasured reference source for martial artists around the world.
ISBN 0-8048-2110-0
Students of Matsubayashi-ryu karate-do
are encouraged to read these books.

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On This Page
  • Obi Grades
  • Dojo Ethics
  • Precepts of Mastery    
  • Principal Karate Weapons
  • Grading Requirements
Matsu san checks out the obi
Kyu grades
Seniors
Juniors
Level 1
Level 2
junior 7th kyu
junior 7th kyu L1
junior 7th kyu L2
junior 6th kyu
junior 6th kyu L1
junior 6th kyu L2
junior 5th kyu
junior 5th kyu L1
junior 5th kyu L2
junior 4th kyu
junior 4th kyu L1
junior 4th kyu L2
senior 3rd kyu
senior 2nd kyu
senior 1st kyu
senior 4th kyu
senior 5th kyu
senior 6th kyu
senior 7th kyu
7th kyu
nana kyu

6th kyu
 rokyu

5th kyu
go kyu

4th kyu
yon kyu

3rd kyu
san kyu

2nd kyu
ni kyu

1st kyu
ikkyu

Dan grades
black obi, belt
1st dan - shodan  ~  10th dan - judan
Okinawan Teaching Licences
Kyoshi
Hanshi
Hanshisei
Renshi
Top
  1. Karate training begins and ends with courtesy. We must purify our minds and be mentally and physically prepared.
  2. Respect the dojo and its instructors.
  3. Show humanity and dignity to fellow students.
  4. Cultivate the power of perseverance by strengthening your body and overcoming the difficulties that arise during training.
  5. The dojo is the place  where courage is fostered and superior human nature is bred through the ecstasy of sweating in hard work. It is the sacred place where the human spirit is polished.
  6. Always keep yourself clean. Always keep karate dogi clean. Help keep dojo clean. Be well versed in the "Precepts for mastering karate-do".
  7. Always bow on entering the dojo with the words: konnichi wa (good evening,during daylight) or konbonwa (good evening, after daylight). On leaving, bow with the word sayonara (goodbye).
  • I cannot develop my own potentialities when in the trap of self limitation.
  • If my opponent trains three times I must train six.
  • Do not be dependant on others for your improvement.
  • Earnestly cultivate your mind as well as your body.
  • He is human and so am I.
  • Karatedo may be referred to as:                                                                                                 
        The conflict with yourself.
        It can only be won through self discipline, hard training and your own creative efforts.
               
Grading Requirements
Top
        Basic movements
        Kamaekata [Ready stances]
Soto-hachiji shizentai dachi...........................................Open leg natural stance
Heisoku dachi.....................................................................Closed foot stance
Chokuritsu-fudo dachi...................................................Formal attention stance

        Tachikata [Stances]
Shizentai-dachi........................................................................Natural stances
Soto-hachiji shizentai dachi...........................................Open leg natural stance
Ashi-mae-shizentai dachi.........................................Foot forward natural stance

Jun-shizentai-dachi.........................................................Quasi-natural stances
Chokuritsu-fudo dachi...................................................Formal attention stance
Heisoku dachi.....................................................................Closed foot stance
Nekoashi dachi...............................................................................Cat stance
...........

Jigotai-dachi...................................................................Wide open-leg stance
Naihanchi-dachi..................................................................Straddle-leg stance
Zenkutsu-dachi................................................................Front-leg-bent stance
Naname zenkutsu-dachi........................................Slanted front-leg-bent stance
Kokutsu-dachi.................................................................Back-leg-bent stance
Kosa-dachi............................................................................Cross-leg stance
Ippon-ashi-dachi.......................................................................One-leg stance
Iaigoshi-dachi..........................................................................Kneeling stance

        Semekata [Attacking techniques]
Seiken waza..............................................................................Fist technique
Jodan-zuki...................................................................................Upper punch
Chudan-zuki................................................................................Middle punch
Gedan-zuki..................................................................................Lower punch
Kaku-zuki..................................................................................Square punch
Tomoe-zuki................................................................Circular block and punch
Sayu-zuki............................................................................Double side punch
Kakushi-zuki.........................................................................Hidden fist punch
oi-zuki......................................................................................Chasing punch
Wari-uke-zuki........................................................................Split-block punch
Morote-zuki..................................................................Augmented-side punch

Yubi waza..............................................................................Finger technique
Nukite-zuki...........................................................................Spear-hand thrust
Morote-nuki-zuki.........................................................Double spear-hand thrust
Shi-zuki........................................................................................Beak thrust

Uchi waza............................................................................Striking technique
Uraken-uchi...............................................................................Backfist strike
Kentsui-uchi........................................................................Hammer-fist strike
Shuto-uchi.............................................................................Knife-hand strike
Kyobu shuto-uchi...........................................Chest knife-hand strike
Kyobu morote shuto -uchi....................Chest double knife-hand strike
Kyobu-soete shuto-uchi.................Chest augmented knife-hand strike
Haito-uchi.................................................................Reverse knife-hand strike

Ate waza..........................................................................Smashing technique
Hiji-ate.......................................................................................Elbow smash
   Tate hiji-ate..........................................................Upward elbow smash
    Yoko hiji-ate........................................................Forward elbow smash
    Ushiro hiji-ate...................................................Backward elbow smash
    Sasae hiji-ate..................................................Supported elbow smash
Hiza-ate.......................................................................................Knee smash
Shotei-ate.............................................................................Palm-heel smash
    Jodan shotei-ate...............................................Upper palm-heel smash
    Chudan shotei-ate............................................Middle palm-heel smash
    Gedan shotei-ate...............................................Lower palm-heel smash
    Tomoe shotei-ate............................................Circular palm-heel smash


        Ukekata [Blocking techniques]
Seiken-ude-uke..........................................................................Forearm block
Jodan uke.....................................................................................Upper block
Chudan soto-uke..............................................................Middle outward block
Chudan yoko-uke............................................................Middle sideward block
Chudan uchi-uke..................................................................Middle inner block
Gedan uke....................................................................................Lower block
Gedan yoko-barai-uke......................................................Lower sideward block
Sasae-uke..................................................................Supported forearm block
Sayu-barai-uke.............................................................Double lower side block
Jodan wari-uke.......................................................................Upper split block
Chudan wari-uke....................................................................Middle spilt block
Jodan kosa-uke....................................................................Upper cross block
Gedan kosa-uke...................................................................Lower cross block
Morote soe-uke.........................................................Augmented forearm block
Chudan soto-mawashi-uke......................................Middle sideward round block
Morote-barai-uke...........................................................Augmented lower block
Hazushi-uke............................................................................Removing block
Otoshi-uke................................................................Dropping downward block

Shuto-uke & Haito-uke..........................Knife-hand & Reverse Knife-hand blocks
Chudan soto-shuto-uke.....................................Middle outward knife-hand block
Jodan uchi-shuto-uke.............................................Upper inner knife-hand block
Chudan yoko-shuto-uke...................................Middle sideward knife-hand block
Gedan shuto-uke...........................................................Lower knife-hand block
Gedan shuto yoko-barai-uke................Lower sideward knife-hand slashing block
Chudan hasami-uke..........................................................Middle sissors block
Makite-uke.................................................................Winding knife-hand block
Magetori-barai-uke......................................Rising upward both-hand knife block
Torite-uke.........................................................................Grasping-hand block
Sagurite-uke...................................................................Searching-hand block
Gedan haito-yoko-uke...........................Lower sideward reverse knife-hand block

Shotei-uke..............................................................................Palm-heel block
Chudan shotei-uke.........................................................Middle palm-heel block
Gedan shotei-uke...........................................................Lower palm-heel block

Hiji-uke.........................................................................................Elbow block

Hangetsu-barai-uke...........................................................Half-moon foot block

        Kerikata [Kicking techniques]
Kyobu-geri......................................................................................Chest kick
Fukubu-geri...............................................................................Abdomen kick
Kinteki-geri......................................................................................Groin kick
Sokuto-geri...............................................................................Foot edge kick
Nidan-geri...............................................................................Flying front kick
_________________________

Mawashi-geri.........................................................................Roundhouse kick
Ura-mawashi-geri.............................................Hook or reverse roundhouse kick
Yoko-geri..........................................................................................Side kick
Ushiro-geri.......................................................................................Back kick
Ashi-barai.......................................................................................Leg sweep
Fumikomi......................................................................................Foot stomp
        Kihon undo [Basic exercises]

                                        1. defence:  Neko ashi dachi - suri ashi

                                        2. attack:    Neko ashi dachi - tsumasaki geri, suri ashi

                                        3. defence:  Neko ashi dachi - chudan soto shuto uke

                                        4  attack:    Shizentai dachi - chudan zuki

                                        5  defence:  Shizentai dachi - jodan uke

                                        6  attack:    Shizentai dachi - chudan gyaku zuki

                                        7  defence:  Neko ashi dachi - gedan shuto uke

                                        8  attack:    Shizentai dachi - tsumasaki geri, chudan gyaku zuki

                                        9  defence:  Zenkutsu dachi - gedan uke

                                        10 attack:    Jigotai dachi - oi zuki

                                        11 defence:  Shizentai dachi - chudan uke
        Intermediate movements [Fighting postures]
Suirakan no kamae.....................................................Drunkard fighting posture
Ryu-no-shita no kamae.......................................Dragon-tongue fighting posture
Saguraite no kamae..........................................Searching-hand fighting posture
Hotoke-gamae......................................................Buddha-hand fighting posture
Tenshin no kamae................................................Body-shifting fighting posture
Ura-gamae.................................................................Cheating fighting posture
        Shitei Kata Matsubayashi Ryu
Fukyugata ichi           view video
Fukyugata ni             view video
Pinan Shodan            view video
Pinan Nidan
Pinan Sandan            view video
Pinan Yondan            view video
Pinan Godan              view video
Naihanchi Shodan      view video
Naihanchi Nidan
Naihanchi Sandan
Ananku                               view video
Tomari Wankan                   view video
Tomari Rohai                       view video
Wanshu                              view video
Tomari Passai                     view video
Gojushiho
Tomari Chinto                      view video
Chatan Yara no Kusanku
Obi Grades
Kyu grades
        Kata Bunkai
Application of Kata movements
      Senior                                         Junior
        Yakusoku Kumite
Seven sets of pre-arranged sparring
        Kihon Kumite
One step sparring
7th
        Kumite
Free sparring
        Kobudo
Top
~
seiken
Seiken     [Fore-fist]
Clench all four fingers tightly into the palm of the hand. Clamp the thumb
down onto  the forefinger and the middle finger and keep the wrist straight.

Striking area:
The knuckles of the forefinger and middle finger.
nukite
Nukite     [Spear-hand thrust]
The fingers are extended and tightened together.

Striking area:
The end of the fingers.
shi-zuki
Shi-zuki    [Beak thrust]
The fingers and thumb are pressed tightly together.

Striking area:
The point formed by the fingers.
uraken
Uraken-uchi     [Back fist]

Formed in the same manner as Seiken. During execution of the back fist the arm and
fist are kept tight but the wrist flexes to strike with a snap.

Striking area:
The knuckles of the forefinger and middle finger.
6th
kentsui-uchi
Kentsui-uchi     [Hammer-fist strike]
Formed in the same manner as Seiken. Executed by making a snapping motion with
the forearm.

Striking area:
The thick area at the base of the little finger side of the hand.
( The same striking area as Shuto-uchi.)
shuto-uchi
Shuto-uchi      [Knife-hand strike]
The fingers are extended and tightened together, fold and tighten the thumb
into the palm. It can be used with the palm up or the palm down.

Striking area:
The side of the hand beneath the little finger,  the thicker
part of the hand close to the wrist.
Haito-uchi     [Reverse knife-hand strike]
The fingers are extended and tightened together, fold and tighten
the thumb into the palm. Inthe same way as Shuto-uchi.
It can be used with the palm up or the palm down.

Striking area:
The ridge of the hand just infront of the thumb
haito-uchi
hiji-ate
Hiji-ate     [Elbow smash]
Striking area: The tip of the elbow and that area
just forward on the upper arm.
5th
shotei-ate
Shotei-ate     [Palm-heel smash]
Open the hand and bend the wrist backwards until the palm is tensed and hard.

Striking area:
The muscle pad of the palm just below the wrist.
koken-uke
Koken-uke    [Wrist block]
The wrist is bent down as fully as possible.

Striking area
: Bent wrist area.
seiken-ude-uke
Seiken-ude-uke     [Forearm block]
Used in conjunction with Seiken.

Blocking area:
Both sides of the forearm.
Top
4th
josokutei
Josokutei     [Ball of the foot]
The toes are pulled back.

Striking area:
Ball of the foot.
tsumasaki
Tsumasaki     [Tips of the toes]
The second toe is positioned on top of the big toe.

Striking area:
The tips of the toes.
sokko
Sokko     [Instep]
The toes are pointed down.

Striking area:
The top of the foot (instep) from toes to ankle.
3rd
sokuto
Sokuto     [Foot edge]
The foot is held at 90 degrees to the leg.

Striking area:
The outer edge of the foot.
kakato
Kakato     [Heel]
Striking area: The bottom of the heel
teisoku
Teisoku     [Arch of the foot]
Striking area: The bottom of the foot, inside arch, from ball of foot to the
beginning of the heel.
hiza-ate
Hiza-ate     [Knee smash]
Striking area: The top point of the knee
2nd
1st
Dan grades
1st - 10th
1.Karate training begins and ends with courtesy. We must purify our minds and be mentally and physically  prepared.

2.Respect the dojo and its instructors.

3.Show humanity and dignity to fellow students.

4.Cultivate the power of perseverance by strengthening your body and overcoming the difficulties that arise during training.

5.The dojo is the place  where courage is fostered and superior human nature is bred through the ecstasy of sweating in hard work. It is the sacred place where the human spirit is polished.

6.Always keep yourself clean. Always keep karate dogi clean. Help keep dojo clean. Be well versed in the "Precepts for mastering karate-do".

7.Always bow on entering the dojo with the words: konnichi wa (good evening,during daylight) or konbonwa (good evening, after daylight). On leaving, bow with the word sayonara (goodbye).
Dojo Ethics
 Precepts of Mastery
I cannot develop my own potentialities when in the trap of self limitation.

If my opponent trains three times I must train six.

Do not be dependant on others for your improvement.

Earnestly cultivate your mind as well as your body.

He is human and so am I.

Karatedo may be referred to as:
                                                               
The conflict with yourself.
It can only be won through self discipline, hard training and your own creative efforts.
               
Principal karate weapons
Seiken     [Fore-fist]
Clench all four fingers tightly into the palm of the hand. Clamp the thumb
down onto the forefinger and the
Hands & Arms
middle finger and keep the wrist straight.

Striking area: The knuckles of the forefinger and middle finger.
Nukite     [Spear-hand thrust]
The fingers are extended and tightened together.

Striking area:
The end of the fingers.
Kata Bunkai
Application of Kata movements
Shi-zuki   
[Beak thrust]
The fingers and thumb are pressed tightly together.

Striking area:
The point formed by the fingers.
Uraken-uchi    
[Back fist]

Formed in the same manner as Seiken. During execution of the back fist the arm and
fist are kept tight but the wrist flexes to strike with a snap.


Striking area: The knuckles of the forefinger and middle finger.
Kentsui-uchi    
[Hammer-fist strike]
Formed in the same manner as Seiken. Executed by making a snapping motion with
the forearm.


Striking area: The thick area at the base of the little finger side of the hand.
( The same striking area as Shuto-uchi.)
Shuto-uchi      [Knife-hand strike]
The fingers are extended and tightened together,
fold and tighten the thumb
into the palm. It can be used with the palm up or the palm down.

Striking area:
The side of the hand beneath the little finger,  the thicker
part of the hand close to the wrist.
Haito-uchi     [Reverse knife-hand strike]
The fingers are
extended and tightened together, fold and tighten
the thumb into the palm. Inthe same way as Shuto-uchi.
It can be used with the palm up or the palm down.

Striking area:
The ridge of the hand just in front of the thumb
Hiji-ate    
[Elbow smash]



Striking area: The tip of the elbow and that area
just forward on the upper arm.
Shotei-ate    
[Palm-heel smash]
Open the hand and bend the wrist backwards until the palm is tensed and hard.

Striking area:
The muscle pad of the palm just below the wrist.
Koken-uke   
[Wrist block]
The wrist is bent down as fully as possible.

Striking area
: Bent wrist area.
Seiken-ude-uke    
[Forearm block]
Used in conjunction with Seiken.
Blocking area: Both sides of the forearm.
Josokutei    
[Ball of the foot]
The toes are pulled back.



Striking area:
Ball of the foot.
Feet & Legs
Tsumasaki    
[Tips of the toes]
The second toe is positioned on top of the big toe.

Striking area:
The tips of the toes.
Sokko    
[Instep]
The toes are pointed down.

Striking area:
The top of the foot (instep) from toes to ankle.
Sokuto    
[Foot edge]
The foot is held at 90 degrees to the leg.

Striking area:
The outer edge of the foot.
Kakato    
[Heel]


Striking area: The bottom of the heel
Teisoku    
[Arch of the foot]
Striking area: The bottom of the foot, inside arch, from ball of foot to the
beginning of the heel.
Grading Requirements
Basic movements
Kamaekata [Ready stances]
Soto-hachiji shizentai dachi....................Open leg natural stance
Heisoku dachi.................................................Closed foot stance
Chokuritsu-fudo dachi.............................Formal attention stance

Tachikata [Stances]
Shizentai-dachi....................................................Natural stances
Soto-hachiji shizentai dachi....................Open leg natural stance
Ashi-mae-shizentai dachi..................Foot forward natural stance

Jun-shizentai-dachi...................................Quasi-natural stances
Chokuritsu-fudo dachi.............................Formal attention stance
Heisoku dachi.................................................Closed foot stance
Nekoashi dachi...........................................................Cat stance
...........

Jigotai-dachi..............................................Wide open-leg stance
Naihanchi-dachi............................................Straddle-leg stance
Zenkutsu-dachi..........................................Front-leg-bent stance
Naname zenkutsu-dachi................Slanted front-leg-bent stance
Kokutsu-dachi............................................Back-leg-bent stance
Kosa-dachi........................................................Cross-leg stance
Ippon-ashi-dachi..................................................One-leg stance
Iaigoshi-dachi.....................................................Kneeling stance

Semekata [Attacking techniques]
Seiken waza...........................................................Fist technique
Jodan-zuki................................................................Upper punch
Chudan-zuki............................................................Middle punch
Gedan-zuki...............................................................Lower punch
Kaku-zuki................................................................Square punch
Tomoe-zuki............................................Circular block and punch
Sayu-zuki.........................................................Double side punch
Kakushi-zuki......................................................Hidden fist punch
oi-zuki....................................................................Chasing punch
Wari-uke-zuki.....................................................Split-block punch
Morote-zuki...............................................Augmented-side punch

Yubi waza............................................................Finger technique
Nukite-zuki........................................................Spear-hand thrust
Morote-nuki-zuki....................................Double spear-hand thrust
Shi-zuki.......................................................................Beak thrust

Uchi waza..........................................................Striking technique
Uraken-uchi.............................................................Backfist strike
Kentsui-uchi......................................................Hammer-fist strike
Shuto-uchi...........................................................Knife-hand strike
  • Kyobu shuto-uchi................................Chest knife-hand strike
  • Kyobu morote shuto -uchi.......Chest double knife-hand strike
  • Kyobu-soete shuto-uchi...Chest augmented knife-hand strike
Haito-uchi..............................................Reverse knife-hand strike

Ate waza........................................................Smashing technique
Hiji-ate.......................................................................Elbow smash
  • Tate hiji-ate............................................Upward elbow smash
  • Yoko hiji-ate..........................................Forward elbow smash
  • Ushiro hiji-ate.....................................Backward elbow smash
  • Sasae hiji-ate.....................................Supported elbow smash
Hiza-ate......................................................................Knee smash
Shotei-ate...........................................................Palm-heel smash
  • Jodan shotei-ate................................Upper palm-heel smash
  • Chudan shotei-ate.............................Middle palm-heel smash
  • Gedan shotei-ate...............................Lower palm-heel smash
  • Tomoe shotei-ate............................Circular palm-heel smash
Hiza-ate    
[Knee smash]


Striking area: The top point of the knee.
Ukekata [Blocking techniques]
Seiken-ude-uke........................................................Forearm block
Jodan uke....................................................................Upper block
Chudan soto-uke...........................................Middle outward block
Chudan yoko-uke.........................................Middle sideward block
Chudan uchi-uke................................................Middle inner block
Gedan uke....................................................................Lower block
Gedan yoko-barai-uke.................................Lower sideward block
Sasae-uke................................................Supported forearm block
Sayu-barai-uke..........................................Double lower side block
Jodan wari-uke.....................................................Upper split block
Chudan wari-uke..................................................Middle spilt block
Jodan kosa-uke..................................................Upper cross block
Gedan kosa-uke.................................................Lower cross block
Morote soe-uke.....................................Augmented forearm block
Chudan soto-mawashi-uke...............Middle sideward round block
Morote-barai-uke........................................Augmented lower block
Hazushi-uke...........................................................Removing block
Otoshi-uke..............................................Dropping downward block

Shuto-uke & Haito-uke...Knife-hand & Reverse Knife-hand blocks
Chudan soto-shuto-uke..............Middle outward knife-hand block
Jodan uchi-shuto-uke........................Upper inner knife-hand block
Chudan yoko-shuto-uke............Middle sideward knife-hand block
Gedan shuto-uke........................................Lower knife-hand block
Gedan shuto yoko-barai-uke....Lower sideward knife-hand slashing block
Chudan hasami-uke........................................Middle sissors block
Makite-uke...............................................Winding knife-hand block
Magetori-barai-uke...............Rising upward both-hand knife block
Torite-uke.......................................................Grasping-hand block
Sagurite-uke.................................................Searching-hand block
Gedan haito-yoko-uke...Lower sideward reverse knife-hand block

Shotei-uke..............................................................Palm-heel block
Chudan shotei-uke......................................Middle palm-heel block
Gedan shotei-uke.......................................Lower palm-heel block

Hiji-uke.........................................................................Elbow block

Hangetsu-barai-uke........................................Half-moon foot block

Kerikata [Kicking techniques]
Kyobu-geri......................................................................Chest kick
Fukubu-geri..............................................................Abdomen kick
Kinteki-geri......................................................................Groin kick
Sokuto-geri...............................................................Foot edge kick
Nidan-geri...............................................................Flying front kick
_________________________

Mawashi-geri........................................................Roundhouse kick
Ura-mawashi-geri......................Hook or reverse roundhouse kick
Yoko-geri...........................................................................Side kick
Ushiro-geri.......................................................................Back kick
Ashi-barai.......................................................................Leg sweep
Fumikomi.......................................................................Foot stomp
Kihon undo [Basic exercises]

1. defence:  Neko ashi dachi - suri ashi

2. attack:    Neko ashi dachi - tsumasaki geri, suri ashi

3. defence:  Neko ashi dachi - chudan soto shuto uke

4  attack:    Shizentai dachi - chudan zuki

5  defence:  Shizentai dachi - jodan uke

6  attack:    Shizentai dachi - chudan gyaku zuki

7  defence:  Neko ashi dachi - gedan shuto uke

8  attack:    Shizentai dachi - tsumasaki geri, chudan gyaku zuki

9  defence:  Zenkutsu dachi - gedan uke

10 attack:    Jigotai dachi - oi zuki

11 defence:  Shizentai dachi - chudan uke
Suirakan no kamae................................Drunkard fighting posture
Ryu-no-shita no kamae.................Dragon-tongue fighting posture
Saguraite no kamae.....................Searching-hand fighting posture
Hotoke-gamae.................................Buddha-hand fighting posture
Tenshin no kamae............................Body-shifting fighting posture
Ura-gamae..............................................Cheating fighting posture
Intermediate movements [Fighting postures]